Walkais Desert design and inextricably linked withTjukurpa:the Law and way of life ofAnangu(Central and Western Desert Aboriginal people). The symbols were traditionally used in cave, ground and body paintings, in story telling, teaching and signalling inheritance. Meaning of the designs depends on its subject and particular people are responsible for their re-creation and teaching according to the Tjukurpa. Highly experienced craftspeople have grown up making traditional tools and weapons under the instruction of their elders. They now apply this knowledge and express their world through art such as this.
Wanampi or Water Serpents, are powerful creatures that inhabit and guard over waterholes. Local custodians hold the stories of the ancestors’ activities at specific sites across the country and thus know where the Wanampi responsibilities for the protection and teaching of different Tjukurpa and there are strict protocols for the imparting of knowledge. These ancestors are always treated with special reverence and respect for their powers and waterholes are never approached lightly.